After reviewing and analyzing “A Report to the President Pursuant to the President’s Directive of January 31, 1950.” from the NSC 68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, explain why you think the United States entered into the Cold War. Do you think the Soviet Union was a legitimate threat to the political, social, and economic well-being of the United States? How do the Objectives and Programs for National Security during the Cold War relate to today’s National Security and concerns?
In Unit 6, we will be focusing on World War II and the early years of the Cold War. As another war plagues Europe as a result of economic and political stability, the United States is once again in the situation of deciding on their stance and positioning in world affairs. The United States, still hurting from the Great Depression, will again adopt a policy of isolationism and neutrality, only to be dragged into war by the attack of Japan on Pearl Harbor. At this point, the United States is launched into full mobilization, proving to be an effective force for the Allies in both Europe and in the Pacific Ocean. This war will have a dramatic effect itself on the economy, society, and politics of the United States at home, as well as identifying the U.S. as the defender of democracy.
At the close of the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union would find themselves in a power struggle over political influence throughout the world. The Soviet Union seeking to spread Communist influences, found itself in constant conflict with the United States who sought to contain communism and support democracy. On the home front, while World War II helped bring an end to the Great Depression, it brought with it the introduction of communism. This raised public anxiety over war and foreigners and led to political witch hunts.